Circulation to Cob

Bird Dictionary

Get more interesting bird information and facts at The Wonder of Birds or check out more from our bird dictionary:

Aasvogel to Albino

Alectorides to Amazon

Ambiens to Ani

Anisodactyli to Ateal

Auk to Axilla

Babbler to Barley Bird

Barwing to Bengali

Berghaan to Blackbird

Blackcap to Bluecap

Bluethroat to Bronze Wing

Brubru to Buzzard

Caeca to Carr Goose

Cashew Bird to Charadriomorphae

Chat to Churn Owl

Circulation to Cob

Cobblers-Awl to Coracoid

Coracomorphae to Crest

Crocker to Cypselomorphae

Dabchick to Devling

Dhayal to Dollarbird

            The circulation or circulatory system, signifies motion, of the blood, which is pumped by the heart through the blood-vessels. Birds, like Mammals, possess a complete double circulation, namely (1) that of the body, from the left ventricle of the heart into the aortic arch, thence through the arteries of the body, returning by the veins into the right auricle, and (2) the pulmonary circulation, from the right ventricle into and through the lungs, returning by the pulmonary veins into the left auricle, and thence into the left ventricle (see VASCULAR SYSTEM).

            The name under which Ray and Willughby in 1663 became acquainted at Vienna with a Finch, and now occasionally used for it in German, though it is more commonly known as Citronenfink, the allusion in each case being to the colour of its plumage, which some consider to be of a citron hue, but is mostly of a yellowish-green. The bird is still today known in English as the Citril Finch, the Serinus citrinella of modern ornithology and being the Venturon of the French.  It is a common species in southern and parts of central Europe, but seldom occurs much further northward than the Black Forest. It usually frequents mountainous districts, keeping to the neighbourhood of fir-trees, though chiefly feeding on the seeds of grasses and other lowly-growing plants.

        A Scottish name for the Bernacle.

            The third Order of Birds according to the old arangement of Andreas Wagner (Arch. fur Naturgesch. 1841, ii. page 93), in which he included all the PICARAE of Nitzsch which were not ZYGODACTYL or amphibolic. Subsequently Professor Cabanis (op. cit. 1847, i. pages 209-256, and ii. pages 336-345) gave in greater detail the Families, subfamilies, and genera which he believed the "Order" should comprise, and his are the views which were adopted by most of the systematic writers who recognized it at the time.

            The word clavicles derives from the Latin "clavicula" meaning the collar-bone. Each clavicle articulates by its dorsal end with a process on the median side of the dorsal end of the coracoid, or with the scapula, or with both; the ventral ends of the two clavicles generally fuse with each other, forming the FURCULA, and approach the anterior end of the crest of the sternum. Between them the OESOPHAGUS and the TRACHEA pass from the neck into the thoracic cavity (see SKELETON).

Claws or Nails


Coachwhip Bird
            So called in eastern Australia from its loud full note, ending sharply like the crack of a whip, the Coachwhip Birds is the Eastern Whipbird (Psophodes olivaceus), known as Psophodes crepitans by old ornithologists of the 19th Century, while a second form, the Western Whipbird (Psophodes nigrogularis) takes its place further westward.  A third species, the Mallee Whipbird (Psophodes leucogaster) resides around Victoria and South Eastern Australia.  Beside its curious utterance it has a low, inward, melodious song. It inhabits the thickest brushwood, seldom exposing itself to view; but when seen is very animated in all its actions, raising its crest and spreading its tail.

            Sometimes wrongly spelt "Colemouse", the Coalmouse (German Kohlmeise) is the Coal-TITMOUSE, Parus ater.

            A Cob (Dutch Kaap and Kobbe), according to Montagu is a name for the Great Black-backed GULL, Larus marinus, but also often applied to almost any of the larger species of Sea-Gull.  Cob also refers to a male swan.  Yarrell wrote in his 1843 book British Birds edition 1, iii. page 130:-" In the language of swanherds, the male Swan is called a Cob, the female a Pen: these terms refer to the comparative size and grade of the two sexes".

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