Cobblers-Awl to Coracoid

Bird Dictionary

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Aasvogel to Albino

Alectorides to Amazon

Ambiens to Ani

Anisodactyli to Ateal

Auk to Axilla

Babbler to Barley Bird

Barwing to Bengali

Berghaan to Blackbird

Blackcap to Bluecap

Bluethroat to Bronze Wing

Brubru to Buzzard

Caeca to Carr Goose

Cashew Bird to Charadriomorphae

Chat to Churn Owl

Circulation to Cob

Cobblers-Awl to Coracoid

Coracomorphae to Crest

Crocker to Cypselomorphae

Dabchick to Devling

Dhayal to Dollarbird

            A fanciful name given to the Avocet, particularly before its first extermination in England in the early 19th Century.  According to Gould (Handbook of the Birds of Australiastra i. p. 551), Cobblers Awl is also used in Tasmania for the Eastern Spinebill (Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris) one of the Meliphagidae (HONEY-SUCKER). The shape of the bill has in both cases suggested the name, but it is far less appropriate in the latter than in the former.

            The seventh section of Desmognathae according to Prof. Huxley's scheme (Proc. Zool. Soc. 1867, pp. 466-467), comprising 14 Families which are arranged in four groups, viz:

Group a
  • Coliidae (MOUSE-BIRD)
Group b
  • Musophagidae (PLANTAIN-EATER and TOURACO)
  • Cuculidae (Cuckoo)
  • Bucconidae (PUFF-BIRD)
  • Rhamphastidae. (TOUCAN)
  • Capitonidae (Barbet)
  • Galbulidae (JACAMAR)
Group c
  • Alcedinidae (KINGFISHER)
  • Bucerotidae (HORNBILL)
  • Upupidae (HOOPOE)
  • Meropidae (Bee Eater),
  • Momotidae (MOTMOT),
  • Coraciidae (ROLLER)
Group d
  • Trogonidae (TROGON)

            A bird-fancier's name invented by a Mr Jamrach in the 19th Century, and now in common use, being an English adaptation of Kakatielje, which in its turn is supposed to be a Dutch sailor's rendering of a Portuguese word, Cacatilho or Cacatelho, meaning a little Cockatoo, and applied to the Australian Cockatoo-Parrakeet, then known as Calopsitta novae-hollandiae, but now referred to as Nymphicus hollandicus, a favourite cage-bird.


             One of the American GROUSE (Tetraonidae) family, The Sage Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus).


            See Capercaillie.

        The etymology of this term is unknown.  It is a local name of considerable antiquity, and still sometimes in use for the Black-headed GULL  (Larus ridibundus).

            A name for which no explanation can be offered, unless it may have been intended for Coalfinch, but used so long ago as Willughby's time for the Pied FLYCATCHER.

            The Mexican word (The French Colin, an old nick-name for a GULL, given in 1555 by Belon (Ois. page 167), has no connection with the Mexican word) which practically signifies QUAIL, though the Quails of the New World have long been held to form a group distinct from any of those of the Old. The name seems to have been first printed in 1635 by Nieremberg (Hist. Nat. p. 232, cap. lxxii.); but he says he took it from Hernandez, whose work was not published until 1651, where it duly occurs (Hist. Anim. Nov. Hispan. page 22, cap. xxxix.). Willughby (Ornithol. Lat. page 304, Angl. page 393) quoted from both, and thus the word came into English use, even to finding its way into an Act of Parliament (43 and 44 Vict. cap. 35). In the Mexican language it was variously compounded, as Ococolin (Mountain-Partridge), Acolin (Water-Quail), and Cacacolin (cf. Hernandez, op. cit. pp. 32, 42). These have not all been determined; but it is generally agreed that Colin alone meant some species of the genus Ortyx.


            Pennant's rendering of the French Colin, adapted by Brisson from Mohring's Colius; which, according to Cuvier, is the Greek kolios (see MOUSEBIRD)


            In Dumeril's arrangement (Zoologie analytique, p. 43), Conirostres was the fourth Family of PASSERES, containing STARLINGS, FINCHES, and several other groups.  Although admitted by him to be a wholly artificial assemblage, it was one that was recognized by systematic writers for a long while.


            See Barbet.

            Named after the coracoid process on the human shoulder-blade, which was likened in shape by mediaeval anatomists to a Raven's bill, the Coracoid in birds is one of a pair of strong bones which connect the anterior or basal margin of the sternum with the scapula and clavicle, and form the chief articulation of the humerus with the shoulder-girdle (see SKELETON).

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