Professor Huxley's name (Proc. Zool. Soc. 1867, p. 467) for the group containing
the Picidae (WOODPECKER) and Iyngidae (WRYNECK), to which he found
it difficult to assign a place. Parker subsequently (Trans. R.
Microsc. Soc. 1872, p. 219) raised them to a higher rank as SAUROGNATHAE.
From "cera" meaning "wax", the Cere is the soft, generally somewhat swollen
skin which covers the base of the upper bill. The cere is especially
well defined in Parrots and Diurnal Birds-of-Prey (see Bill).
The ortalis genus of birds, who are part of the Cracidae family.
The Chachalaca birds inhabit the very southnmost part of the USA, and central
and South America. They are so-called in Texas from their cry (see
Bill or Channel Billed Cuckoo
Latham's name in 1802, and since generally used for a bird described and
illustrated by Phillips in 1789 (Voy. Botany Bay p. 165, pl.) as
the "Psittaceous Hornbill," and by John White in 1790 (Journ. Voy. N.
S. Wales, p. 142, pl.) as the "Anamalous Hornbill," which was apparently
first obtained 16th April (but according to other accounts this species
leaves New South Wales in January or February, only returning in October
to breed) 1788, and therefore not long after the foundation of the Australian
colony. Latham seeing the need of a new genus for it, made one, Scythrops,
as Scythrops novae-hollandiae it has been almost always recognized
ever since, though its systematic position has often been disputed - its
large and curiously grooved bill inducing some to refer it to the
while its zygodactyl feet caused others to place it among the Rhamphastidae
It is now generally allowed to belong to the Cuculidae
Cock or Road Runner
The first group of Prof. Huxley's Suborder Schizognathae
Zool. Soc. 1867, p. 457), nearly corresponding with the
of Cuvier, and the Limicolae or Sculopaces
- or in other words including most of the SNIPES and PLOVERS.